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June 28, 2019
the Humanitites.
June 28, 2019

FAS 201 Suggested Works of Art

Listed you will find suggestions of works listed by time period, culture, and style. These are all well-known works with various resources for study. To aid your research, the names of artists and/or architects are given when known, as well as the current location of the work.There are many possibilities of themes and relationships between the works listed here and those in your Learning Resource.You may select from this list, or, with the approval of your instructor, select works from your own knowledge.A good model is to select one work from Section A (Prehistoric through ancient Rome) and one work from Section B (Early Christian, Jewish, and Byzantine through Renaissance and Reformation) to write on for your milestone projects and final essay.

Section A

Prehistoric Art

Paleolithic Art (ca. 40,000 BCE–9000 BCE)

  • Human with feline head from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany
  • Nude Woman (Woman/Venus) of Willendorf from Willendorf, Austria
  • Dame à la Capuche, “Lady with the Hood,” or Woman from Brassempouy, Muséed’ArchéologieNationale at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris
  • Venus of Lespugue (replica), Musée de l’Homme, Paris
  • Woman holding a bison horn, from Laussel, France
  • Bison with turned head, from La Madeleine, France
  • Bison ceiling, cave at Altamira, Spain
  • Two bison, reliefs in a cave at Le Tucd’Audoubert, France
  • Spotted horse with human hands, the cave at PechMerle, France
  • Hall of Bulls, the cave at Lascaux, France
  • Rhinoceros, wounded man with bird head, and disemboweled bison, the cave at Lascaux, France
  • Mezhyrich Village, Ukraine

Neolithic Art (c. 8000 BCE–2300 BCE)

  • Village of Skara Brae, Mainland Orkney, Scotland
  • Tower of Jericho and/or Wall of Jericho, West Bank
  • Human figure, from Ain Ghazal, Jordan
  • Çatalhöyük, Turkey
  • Landscape with volcanic eruption, Çatalhöyük, Turkey
  • Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England


Ancient Near East

Sumerian Art (ca. 3500 BCE–2332 BCE)

  • WarkaVase, Iraq Museum, Baghdad
  • Votive statues from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern day Tell Asmar), Iraq, Iraq Museum, Baghdad
  • Standard of Ur, British Museum, London
  • Bull-headed lyre, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Banquet scene from cylinder seal from the tomb of Pu-abi, British Museum, London

Akkadian Art (ca. 2332–2150 BCE)

  • Head of Akkadian ruler, from Nineveh, Iraq Museum, Baghdad
  • Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, Louvre, Paris
  • Votive disc of Enheduanna, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Nanna ziggurat at Ur, modern-day Iraq

Babylonian Art (ca. 2150–1600 BCE)

  • Stele with law code of Hammurabi, Louvre, Paris
  • Statue of Queen Napir-Asu, from Susa, Louvre, Paris
  • Queen of the Night/Queen of Heaven relief, British Museum, London

Assyrian Art (ca. 900 BCE–612 BCE)

  • Lamassu, from the citadel of Sargon II, Louvre, Paris
  • Lamassu, from the citadel of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Ashurbanipal hunting lions, relief from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, British Museum, London

Neo-Babylonian and Persian Art (ca. 612–330 BCE)

  • Ishtar Gate (reconstructed), Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  • East Stairway Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes, Persepolis, Iran

Ancient Egypt (ca. 3500–30 BCE)

  • Palette of King Narmer, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Panel of Hesire, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt
  • Ti Watching the Hippo Hunt, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Seated Scribe, from Saqqara, Louvre, Paris
  • Giza Pyramids, Giza, Egypt
  • Great Sphinx, Giza, Egypt
  • Khafre Enthroned, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Menkaure and Khamerernebty, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri, Egypt
  • Sphinx of Hatshepsut, Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Nebamun hunting birds, from the tomb of Nebamun, Thebes, Egypt; British Museum, London
  • Thutmose, Nefertiti, Egyptian Museum of Berlin, on display at Neues Museum, Berlin
  • Judgment of Hunefer Before Osiris, illustration from the Book of the Dead, British Museum, London
  • Akhenaten and Nefertiti and their Children, or Royal Portrait, Ägyptisches Museum/Neues Museum, Staatliche Museenzu Berlin
  • Female Musicians, Tomb of Djeserkareseneb, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.
  • Innermost coffin of Tutankhamen, from his tomb at Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, Egypt
  • Portrait of a boy, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC

Ancient Greece (ca. 900–30 BCE)

  • Hirschfeld Workshop (attributed), Terra-cotta krater, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, Gregorian Etruscan Museum, Vatican
  • Priam Painter, Women at the Fountain House, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • New YorkKouros, from Attica, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Peplos Kore, Acropolis Museum, Athens
  • Kroisos, from Anavysos, National Archaeological Museum, Athens
  • Kritios Boy, Acropolis Museum, Athens
  • Charioteer of Delphi, Delphi Museum, Greece
  • Lysikrates Monument, Athens, Greece
  • Riace Warrior, MuseoNazionaledella Magna Grecia Reggio Calabria, Italy
  • Polykleitos, Doryphoros, Roman copy from Pompeii, Italy after bronze original, Archaeological Museum, Naples
  • Iktinos and Kallikrates Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Kallikrates, Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Mnesikles, The Erechtheion or Erechtheum, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, Roman copy after Greek marble original, Capitoline Museum, Rome
  • Praxiteles, Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Roman copy after Greek original, Archaeological Museum of Olympia
  • Lysippos, Apoxyomenos, Roman copy after Greek bronze original, Vatican Museum, Rome
  • Old market woman, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Possibly Lysippos, Seated Boxer, Terme Museum, Rome
  • Possibly Epigonos, Dying Gaul, Roman copy after bronze original from Pergamon, Turkey, Capitoline Museum, Rome
  • Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, Laocoön, Vatican Museum, Rome
  • Alexandros of Antioch-on-the-Meander, Aphrodite (Venus de Milo), Louvre, Paris
  • Barberini Faun or Sleeping Satyr, Glyptothek, Munich

Ancient Rome (753 BCE–337 CE)

  • Temple of Portunus (Temple of “Fortuna Virilis”), Rome,
  • Dionysiac mystery frieze, Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy
  • Augustus of Primaporta, MuseiVaticani, Rome
  • AraPacis (Altar of Augustan Peace); looking northeast, Italy
  • Master of Herculaneum, Young girl with book and stylus (Sappho fresco), MuseoArcheologicoNazionale di Napoli
  • Portrait bust of Livia, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
  • Pont du Gard, near Nîmes, Fance
  • Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater), Rome
  • Portrait of a Flavian woman, MuseiCapitolini, Rome
  • Apollodorus of Damascus, Forum of Trajan, Rome
  • Column of Trajan, Rome, Italy
  • Apollodorus of Damascus, Pantheon, Rome
  • Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Capitoline Museum, Rome
  • Colossal Portrait of Constantine, MuseiCapitolini, Rome
  • Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy
  • Basilica Nova, Rome, Italy

Section B

Early Christian, Jewish, and Byzantine (306–1453)

  • Dura Europos Synagogue, Syria; reconstruction in National Museum, Damascus
  • Christ as Good Shepherd, Catacomb of Saints Peter and Marcellinus, Rome, Italy
  • Sarcophagus of JuniusBassus, Treasury of Saint Peter’s Basilica
  • Santa Costanza, Rome, Italy
  • Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia, Ravenna, Italy
  • Christ as the Good Shepherd mosaic, Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia, Ravenna, Italy
  • Anthemius ofTralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy
  • Empress Theodora and her attendants, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy and Emperor Justinian and His Attendants, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy
  • Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George, St. Catherine’s Monastery, Sinai, Egypt
  • Ascension of Christ, folio 13 verso of the Rabbula Gospels, BibliotecaMedicea-Laurenziana, Florence
  • HarbavilleTriptych, mid 11th cent. Ivory, 9” x 11.” Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Vladimir Virgin, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
  • Christ as Pantokrator, Church of the Dormition, Daphne, Greece

Islamic Art (661–1924)

  • The Dome of the Rock, Temple Mount, Jerusalem
  • Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria
  • Malwiya Minaret, Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq
  • The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Qur’an fragment, in Arabic, Morgan Library and Museum, NYC
  • Prayer hall, Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain
  • Mihrab of the Great Mosque at Córdoba, Spain
  • Court of the Lions, Alhambra.Granada, Spain
  • Mihrab (prayer niche), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Medallion Carpet, “The Ardabil Carpet,” currently at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London
  • Leaf from an Arabic translation of the MateriaMedicaof Dioscorides (“The Pharmacy”), Museum of Art, NYC

The Middle Ages (500–1500)

Early MiddleAges (500–1000)

  • Animal headpost, Oseberg ship, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo, Norway
  • The Gokstad ship, on display at the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway
  • Sutton Hoo purse cover, British Museum, London
  • Chi-rho-iota page, Book of Kells, late 8th or early 9th century.Illuminated manuscript on vellum; 9.5” x 13.” Trinity College Library, Dublin
  • Man Symbol of Saint Matthew, from the Book of Durrow, folio 21, Trinity College, Dublin
  • Carpet/Cross page, Lindisfarne Gospels, ca. 698–721. Tempera on vellum, British Library, London
  • Odo of Metz, Palace chapel of Charlemagne at Aachen, France (now Germany)
  • Equestrian statue of Charlemagne or Charles the Bald, Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • St. Matthew author page, from folio 18 verso Gospel Book of Archbishop Ebbo of Reims, BibliothèqueMunicipale, Épernay, France
  • Otto Enthroned, Aachen Gospels, Aachen Cathedral Treasury, Aachen, Germany
  • Bronze doors Saint Michael’s abbey church, Hildesheim, Dom-Museum, Hildesheim

Romanesque (1000–1200)

  • Reliquary head of St. Alexander, from Stavelot Abbey, Belgium, MuséesRoyauxd’Art et d’Histoire, Brussels
  • St Vincenç de Cardona (Catalonia) Spain, Cardona        
  • Reliquary statue of Saint Foy, Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy at Conques, France
  • Pilgrimage church of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France
  • Gislebertus, Last Judgment, west tympanum of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France
  • Virgin and Child, also known as the Morgan Madonna, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Christ in Majesty, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Hildegard of Bingen, Hildegard receives her visions, detail of a facsimile of lost folio in the RupertsbergerScivias, Abbey of St. Hildegard, Rüdesheim/Eibingen
  • Cathedral Complex, Pisa, Italy
  • Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence, Italy
  • Wiligelmo, Creation and Temptation of Adam and Eve, detail of the frieze on the west façade, Modena Cathedral, Modena, Italy
  • West façade, Saint-Étienne, Caen, France
  • Bayeux Tapestry, Centre Guillaume le Conquérant, Bayeux
  • Eadwine the Scribe, Eadwine the Scribe at Work, folio 283 verso of the Eadwine Psalter, Trinity College, Dublin

Gothic (ca.1180–1500)

  • Abbey church of Saint-Denis, France
  • Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
  • Royal Portal, west façade, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
  • Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
  • Rose Window north transept of Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
  • West façade, Reims Cathedral, Reims, France
  • Annunciation and Visitation, jamb statues of central doorway, west façade, Reims Cathedral, Reims, France
  • Louis IX, Sainte-Chapelle, Paris France
  • Virgin of Paris, Notre-Dame, Paris, France
  • Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England
  • Robert and William Vertue, fan vaults of the chapel of Henry VIII, Westminster Abbey, London
  • Dormition of the Virgin, tympanum of left doorway, south transept, Strasbourg Cathedral, Strasbourg, France
  • RöttgenPietà or Virgin and the Dead Christ, RheinischesLandesmuseum, Bonn

Proto-Renaissance, Renaissance, and Reformation Art (ca. 1200–1600)

FAS 201 Suggested Works of Art

Listed you will find suggestions of works listed by time period, culture, and style. These are all well-known works with various resources for study. To aid your research, the names of artists and/or architects are given when known, as well as the current location of the work.There are many possibilities of themes and relationships between the works listed here and those in your Learning Resource.You may select from this list, or, with the approval of your instructor, select works from your own knowledge.A good model is to select one work from Section A (Prehistoric through ancient Rome) and one work from Section B (Early Christian, Jewish, and Byzantine through Renaissance and Reformation) to write on for your milestone projects and final essay.

Section A

Prehistoric Art

Paleolithic Art (ca. 40,000 BCE–9000 BCE)

  • Human with feline head from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany
  • Nude Woman (Woman/Venus) of Willendorf from Willendorf, Austria
  • Dame à la Capuche, “Lady with the Hood,” or Woman from Brassempouy, Muséed’ArchéologieNationale at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris
  • Venus of Lespugue (replica), Musée de l’Homme, Paris
  • Woman holding a bison horn, from Laussel, France
  • Bison with turned head, from La Madeleine, France
  • Bison ceiling, cave at Altamira, Spain
  • Two bison, reliefs in a cave at Le Tucd’Audoubert, France
  • Spotted horse with human hands, the cave at PechMerle, France
  • Hall of Bulls, the cave at Lascaux, France
  • Rhinoceros, wounded man with bird head, and disemboweled bison, the cave at Lascaux, France
  • Mezhyrich Village, Ukraine

Neolithic Art (c. 8000 BCE–2300 BCE)

  • Village of Skara Brae, Mainland Orkney, Scotland
  • Tower of Jericho and/or Wall of Jericho, West Bank
  • Human figure, from Ain Ghazal, Jordan
  • Çatalhöyük, Turkey
  • Landscape with volcanic eruption, Çatalhöyük, Turkey
  • Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England


Ancient Near East

Sumerian Art (ca. 3500 BCE–2332 BCE)

  • WarkaVase, Iraq Museum, Baghdad
  • Votive statues from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern day Tell Asmar), Iraq, Iraq Museum, Baghdad
  • Standard of Ur, British Museum, London
  • Bull-headed lyre, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Banquet scene from cylinder seal from the tomb of Pu-abi, British Museum, London

Akkadian Art (ca. 2332–2150 BCE)

  • Head of Akkadian ruler, from Nineveh, Iraq Museum, Baghdad
  • Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, Louvre, Paris
  • Votive disc of Enheduanna, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Nanna ziggurat at Ur, modern-day Iraq

Babylonian Art (ca. 2150–1600 BCE)

  • Stele with law code of Hammurabi, Louvre, Paris
  • Statue of Queen Napir-Asu, from Susa, Louvre, Paris
  • Queen of the Night/Queen of Heaven relief, British Museum, London

Assyrian Art (ca. 900 BCE–612 BCE)

  • Lamassu, from the citadel of Sargon II, Louvre, Paris
  • Lamassu, from the citadel of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Ashurbanipal hunting lions, relief from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, British Museum, London

Neo-Babylonian and Persian Art (ca. 612–330 BCE)

  • Ishtar Gate (reconstructed), Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  • East Stairway Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes, Persepolis, Iran

Ancient Egypt (ca. 3500–30 BCE)

  • Palette of King Narmer, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Panel of Hesire, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt
  • Ti Watching the Hippo Hunt, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
  • Seated Scribe, from Saqqara, Louvre, Paris
  • Giza Pyramids, Giza, Egypt
  • Great Sphinx, Giza, Egypt
  • Khafre Enthroned, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Menkaure and Khamerernebty, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri, Egypt
  • Sphinx of Hatshepsut, Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Nebamun hunting birds, from the tomb of Nebamun, Thebes, Egypt; British Museum, London
  • Thutmose, Nefertiti, Egyptian Museum of Berlin, on display at Neues Museum, Berlin
  • Judgment of Hunefer Before Osiris, illustration from the Book of the Dead, British Museum, London
  • Akhenaten and Nefertiti and their Children, or Royal Portrait, Ägyptisches Museum/Neues Museum, Staatliche Museenzu Berlin
  • Female Musicians, Tomb of Djeserkareseneb, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.
  • Innermost coffin of Tutankhamen, from his tomb at Thebes, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, Egypt
  • Portrait of a boy, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC

Ancient Greece (ca. 900–30 BCE)

  • Hirschfeld Workshop (attributed), Terra-cotta krater, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, Gregorian Etruscan Museum, Vatican
  • Priam Painter, Women at the Fountain House, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • New YorkKouros, from Attica, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Peplos Kore, Acropolis Museum, Athens
  • Kroisos, from Anavysos, National Archaeological Museum, Athens
  • Kritios Boy, Acropolis Museum, Athens
  • Charioteer of Delphi, Delphi Museum, Greece
  • Lysikrates Monument, Athens, Greece
  • Riace Warrior, MuseoNazionaledella Magna Grecia Reggio Calabria, Italy
  • Polykleitos, Doryphoros, Roman copy from Pompeii, Italy after bronze original, Archaeological Museum, Naples
  • Iktinos and Kallikrates Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Kallikrates, Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Mnesikles, The Erechtheion or Erechtheum, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, Roman copy after Greek marble original, Capitoline Museum, Rome
  • Praxiteles, Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Roman copy after Greek original, Archaeological Museum of Olympia
  • Lysippos, Apoxyomenos, Roman copy after Greek bronze original, Vatican Museum, Rome
  • Old market woman, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Possibly Lysippos, Seated Boxer, Terme Museum, Rome
  • Possibly Epigonos, Dying Gaul, Roman copy after bronze original from Pergamon, Turkey, Capitoline Museum, Rome
  • Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, Laocoön, Vatican Museum, Rome
  • Alexandros of Antioch-on-the-Meander, Aphrodite (Venus de Milo), Louvre, Paris
  • Barberini Faun or Sleeping Satyr, Glyptothek, Munich

Ancient Rome (753 BCE–337 CE)

  • Temple of Portunus (Temple of “Fortuna Virilis”), Rome,
  • Dionysiac mystery frieze, Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, Italy
  • Augustus of Primaporta, MuseiVaticani, Rome
  • AraPacis (Altar of Augustan Peace); looking northeast, Italy
  • Master of Herculaneum, Young girl with book and stylus (Sappho fresco), MuseoArcheologicoNazionale di Napoli
  • Portrait bust of Livia, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen
  • Pont du Gard, near Nîmes, Fance
  • Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater), Rome
  • Portrait of a Flavian woman, MuseiCapitolini, Rome
  • Apollodorus of Damascus, Forum of Trajan, Rome
  • Column of Trajan, Rome, Italy
  • Apollodorus of Damascus, Pantheon, Rome
  • Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Capitoline Museum, Rome
  • Colossal Portrait of Constantine, MuseiCapitolini, Rome
  • Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy
  • Basilica Nova, Rome, Italy

Section B

Early Christian, Jewish, and Byzantine (306–1453)

  • Dura Europos Synagogue, Syria; reconstruction in National Museum, Damascus
  • Christ as Good Shepherd, Catacomb of Saints Peter and Marcellinus, Rome, Italy
  • Sarcophagus of JuniusBassus, Treasury of Saint Peter’s Basilica
  • Santa Costanza, Rome, Italy
  • Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia, Ravenna, Italy
  • Christ as the Good Shepherd mosaic, Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia, Ravenna, Italy
  • Anthemius ofTralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy
  • Empress Theodora and her attendants, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy and Emperor Justinian and His Attendants, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy
  • Virgin (Theotokos) and Child between Saints Theodore and George, St. Catherine’s Monastery, Sinai, Egypt
  • Ascension of Christ, folio 13 verso of the Rabbula Gospels, BibliotecaMedicea-Laurenziana, Florence
  • HarbavilleTriptych, mid 11th cent. Ivory, 9” x 11.” Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Vladimir Virgin, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow
  • Christ as Pantokrator, Church of the Dormition, Daphne, Greece

Islamic Art (661–1924)

  • The Dome of the Rock, Temple Mount, Jerusalem
  • Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria
  • Malwiya Minaret, Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq
  • The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Qur’an fragment, in Arabic, Morgan Library and Museum, NYC
  • Prayer hall, Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain
  • Mihrab of the Great Mosque at Córdoba, Spain
  • Court of the Lions, Alhambra.Granada, Spain
  • Mihrab (prayer niche), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Medallion Carpet, “The Ardabil Carpet,” currently at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London
  • Leaf from an Arabic translation of the MateriaMedicaof Dioscorides (“The Pharmacy”), Museum of Art, NYC

The Middle Ages (500–1500)

Early MiddleAges (500–1000)

  • Animal headpost, Oseberg ship, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo, Norway
  • The Gokstad ship, on display at the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway
  • Sutton Hoo purse cover, British Museum, London
  • Chi-rho-iota page, Book of Kells, late 8th or early 9th century.Illuminated manuscript on vellum; 9.5” x 13.” Trinity College Library, Dublin
  • Man Symbol of Saint Matthew, from the Book of Durrow, folio 21, Trinity College, Dublin
  • Carpet/Cross page, Lindisfarne Gospels, ca. 698–721. Tempera on vellum, British Library, London
  • Odo of Metz, Palace chapel of Charlemagne at Aachen, France (now Germany)
  • Equestrian statue of Charlemagne or Charles the Bald, Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • St. Matthew author page, from folio 18 verso Gospel Book of Archbishop Ebbo of Reims, BibliothèqueMunicipale, Épernay, France
  • Otto Enthroned, Aachen Gospels, Aachen Cathedral Treasury, Aachen, Germany
  • Bronze doors Saint Michael’s abbey church, Hildesheim, Dom-Museum, Hildesheim

Romanesque (1000–1200)

  • Reliquary head of St. Alexander, from Stavelot Abbey, Belgium, MuséesRoyauxd’Art et d’Histoire, Brussels
  • St Vincenç de Cardona (Catalonia) Spain, Cardona        
  • Reliquary statue of Saint Foy, Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy at Conques, France
  • Pilgrimage church of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, France
  • Gislebertus, Last Judgment, west tympanum of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France
  • Virgin and Child, also known as the Morgan Madonna, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Christ in Majesty, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Hildegard of Bingen, Hildegard receives her visions, detail of a facsimile of lost folio in the RupertsbergerScivias, Abbey of St. Hildegard, Rüdesheim/Eibingen
  • Cathedral Complex, Pisa, Italy
  • Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence, Italy
  • Wiligelmo, Creation and Temptation of Adam and Eve, detail of the frieze on the west façade, Modena Cathedral, Modena, Italy
  • West façade, Saint-Étienne, Caen, France
  • Bayeux Tapestry, Centre Guillaume le Conquérant, Bayeux
  • Eadwine the Scribe, Eadwine the Scribe at Work, folio 283 verso of the Eadwine Psalter, Trinity College, Dublin

Gothic (ca.1180–1500)

  • Abbey church of Saint-Denis, France
  • Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
  • Royal Portal, west façade, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
  • Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
  • Rose Window north transept of Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France
  • West façade, Reims Cathedral, Reims, France
  • Annunciation and Visitation, jamb statues of central doorway, west façade, Reims Cathedral, Reims, France
  • Louis IX, Sainte-Chapelle, Paris France
  • Virgin of Paris, Notre-Dame, Paris, France
  • Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England
  • Robert and William Vertue, fan vaults of the chapel of Henry VIII, Westminster Abbey, London
  • Dormition of the Virgin, tympanum of left doorway, south transept, Strasbourg Cathedral, Strasbourg, France
  • RöttgenPietà or Virgin and the Dead Christ, RheinischesLandesmuseum, Bonn

Proto-Renaissance, Renaissance, and Reformation Art (ca. 1200–1600)

  • Arnolfo di Cambio and others, Florence Cathedral,Florence, Italy
  • Nicola Pisano, Pulpit, Baptistery, Pisa
  • Arnolfo di Cambio, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy
  • Cimabue, Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Giotto di Bondone, Madonna Enthroned, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Giotto di Bondone, Arena Chapel, Padua, Italy
  • Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, Italy
  • Ambrogio Lorenzetti, The Allegory of Good and Bad Government, Sale della Pace, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena
  • Duccio di Buoninsegna, Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints or The Maestà, Museodell’Opera del Duomo, Siena, Italy
  • Simone Martini and Lippo Menni, The Annunciation, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Doge’s Palace, Venice, Italy
  • Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Robert Campin (Master of Flémalle), Mérode Triptych/Altarpiece, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC, Cloisters Collection
  • Jan Van Eyck, Man in a Red Turban (Self-Portrait), National Gallery, London
  • Hubert and Jan Van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece, Cathedral of Saint Bavo, Ghent, Belgium
  • Jan Van Eyck, The Arnolfini Wedding Portrait or Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, National Gallery, London. Fig. 13.6
  • Rogier van der Weyden, Descent from the Cross or The Deposition, Museo del Prado, Madrid
  • Hieronymus Bosch, The Garden of Earthly Delights, Museo del Prado
  • Martin Schongauer, Saint Anthony Tormented by Demon, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
  • Antonio del Pollaiuolo, Battle of the Ten Nudes, British Museum, London
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti, Sacrifice of Isaac, MuseoNazionale del Bargello, Florence
  • Filippo Brunelleschi, Il Duomo, Dome of Florence Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore
  • Masaccio, Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John, and Two Donors, Santa Maria Novella, Florence
  • Paolo Uccello, Battle of San Romano, The National Gallery, London.Fig. 14.15
  • Donatello, David, ca. 1440–1460, MuseoNazionale del Bargello, Florence
  • Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Sandro Botticelli, La Primavera, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Donatello, Gattamelata, Piazza del Santo, Padua, Italy
  • Pierodella Francesca, Resurrection, Palazzo Comunale, Borgo San Sepolcro, Italy
  • Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
  • Pietro Perugino, The Delivery of the Keys, Vatican Chapel, Vatican Palace, Vatican City, Italy
  • Raphael, Madonna in the Meadow,Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, Galleria dell’Accademia, Venice
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper, c. 1495–1498, Refectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • Michelangelo, Pieta, Saint Peter’s, Vatican City
  • Michelangelo, David, Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence
  • Michelangelo, Sistine Ceiling, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Vatican City
  • Raphael, Philosophy (School of Athens), Papal apartments, Vatican, Vatican City
  • Giorgione (and Titian?), Fête champêtre (Pastoral Concert),Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • Giorgione, Sleeping Venus, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden
  • Giorgione, Old Woman (Col Tempo), Galleria dell’ Accademia, Venice
  • Michelangelo, Last Judgment, Sistine Chapel, Vatican City
  • AgnoloBronzino , Allegory of Venus: Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time, National Gallery, London
  • Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Titian, Venus of Urbino, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Titian, Assumption of the Virgin, Santa Maria GloriosadeiFrari, Venice
  • Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Paolo Veronese, Christ in the House of Levi, Italy, Galleria dell’ Accademia, Venice
  • Tintoretto, Last Supper, 1592-1594, San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice
  • Andrea Palladio, Villa Rotonda, Vicenza, Italy
  • El Greco, Burial of Count Orgaz,Iglesia de Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain
  • Hans Holbein, The French Ambassadors, National Gallery, London
  • Hans Holbein, Henry VIII, Galleria
  • Albrecht Dürer, Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, MuséesRoyaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels
  • Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Netherlandish Proverbs, Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  • Albrecht Dürer, Self-Portrait, Museo del Prado, Madrid
    • There are various self-portraits by this artist that are wise selections
  • Albrecht Dürer, Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder, The Judgment of Paris, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder, Martin Luther, City of Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, England
  • Hans Holbein, Henry VIII, Galleria Nazionaled’ArteAntica, Rome
  • Arnolfo di Cambio and others, Florence Cathedral,Florence, Italy
  • Nicola Pisano, Pulpit, Baptistery, Pisa
  • Arnolfo di Cambio, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy
  • Cimabue, Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Giotto di Bondone, Madonna Enthroned, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Giotto di Bondone, Arena Chapel, Padua, Italy
  • Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, Italy
  • Ambrogio Lorenzetti, The Allegory of Good and Bad Government, Sale della Pace, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena
  • Duccio di Buoninsegna, Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints or The Maestà, Museodell’Opera del Duomo, Siena, Italy
  • Simone Martini and Lippo Menni, The Annunciation, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Doge’s Palace, Venice, Italy
  • Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Robert Campin (Master of Flémalle), Mérode Triptych/Altarpiece, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC, Cloisters Collection
  • Jan Van Eyck, Man in a Red Turban (Self-Portrait), National Gallery, London
  • Hubert and Jan Van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece, Cathedral of Saint Bavo, Ghent, Belgium
  • Jan Van Eyck, The Arnolfini Wedding Portrait or Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, National Gallery, London. Fig. 13.6
  • Rogier van der Weyden, Descent from the Cross or The Deposition, Museo del Prado, Madrid
  • Hieronymus Bosch, The Garden of Earthly Delights, Museo del Prado
  • Martin Schongauer, Saint Anthony Tormented by Demon, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
  • Antonio del Pollaiuolo, Battle of the Ten Nudes, British Museum, London
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti, Sacrifice of Isaac, MuseoNazionale del Bargello, Florence
  • Filippo Brunelleschi, Il Duomo, Dome of Florence Cathedral, Santa Maria del Fiore
  • Masaccio, Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John, and Two Donors, Santa Maria Novella, Florence
  • Paolo Uccello, Battle of San Romano, The National Gallery, London.Fig. 14.15
  • Donatello, David, ca. 1440–1460, MuseoNazionale del Bargello, Florence
  • Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Sandro Botticelli, La Primavera, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Donatello, Gattamelata, Piazza del Santo, Padua, Italy
  • Pierodella Francesca, Resurrection, Palazzo Comunale, Borgo San Sepolcro, Italy
  • Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
  • Pietro Perugino, The Delivery of the Keys, Vatican Chapel, Vatican Palace, Vatican City, Italy
  • Raphael, Madonna in the Meadow,Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, Galleria dell’Accademia, Venice
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper, c. 1495–1498, Refectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • Michelangelo, Pieta, Saint Peter’s, Vatican City
  • Michelangelo, David, Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence
  • Michelangelo, Sistine Ceiling, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Vatican City
  • Raphael, Philosophy (School of Athens), Papal apartments, Vatican, Vatican City
  • Giorgione (and Titian?), Fête champêtre (Pastoral Concert),Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • Giorgione, Sleeping Venus, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden
  • Giorgione, Old Woman (Col Tempo), Galleria dell’ Accademia, Venice
  • Michelangelo, Last Judgment, Sistine Chapel, Vatican City
  • AgnoloBronzino , Allegory of Venus: Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time, National Gallery, London
  • Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Titian, Venus of Urbino, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Titian, Assumption of the Virgin, Santa Maria GloriosadeiFrari, Venice
  • Parmigianino, Madonna with the Long Neck, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  • Paolo Veronese, Christ in the House of Levi, Italy, Galleria dell’ Accademia, Venice
  • Tintoretto, Last Supper, 1592-1594, San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice
  • Andrea Palladio, Villa Rotonda, Vicenza, Italy
  • El Greco, Burial of Count Orgaz,Iglesia de Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain
  • Hans Holbein, The French Ambassadors, National Gallery, London
  • Hans Holbein, Henry VIII, Galleria
  • Albrecht Dürer, Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, MuséesRoyaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels
  • Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Netherlandish Proverbs, Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  • Albrecht Dürer, Self-Portrait, Museo del Prado, Madrid
    • There are various self-portraits by this artist that are wise selections
  • Albrecht Dürer, Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder, The Judgment of Paris, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder, Martin Luther, City of Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, England
  • Hans Holbein, Henry VIII, Galleria Nazionaled’ArteAntica, Rome
 
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