|She has trouble seeing objects at a distance.|
|Light is focused behind her retina.|
|She has trouble focusing on objects close to her face.|
|Light is focused on the fovea centralis.|
|Exercising 3-4 times a week|
Research suggests that some factors may increase the risk of glaucoma developing, includes family history, age and myopia. Genetic factors are considered to play a key role in all major forms of glaucoma. As all these applies to Kari, she is in high risk of glaucoma. Noticing blurry vision while reading small text and gradual decrease in her eye sight could be sign of glaucoma.
|Trouble with bright lights|
|Loss of peripheral vision|
|Halos around lights|
Depending on Kari’s conditions, most likely her treatment starts with prescription eye drops which will help her reducing eye pressure. If eye drops alone don’t bring eye pressure down to the desired level, doctor may also prescribe an oral medication. She may have to go through other treatment options such as laser therapy and various surgical procedures.
If Kari is diagnosed with cataracts, most likely her treatments starts with glasses or contracts. If her eye conditions worse and if this is causing problem in her daily life, she may need cataracts surgery. Normally, surgery are done on an outpatient basis, meaning Kari can go home same day. Procedure has very success rate. During procedure, the surgeon will remove her lens and replace it with a man-made one. More than 95% of people who have done this procedure, has better vision.
|Maddie has sensorineural hearing loss due to the perforated eardrum.|
|Maddie’s eardrum will likely heal on its own and she will not need surgery.|
|A perforated “eardrum” means that there is a tear or hole in Maddie’s tympanic membrane.|
|Maddie is at higher risk for ear infections due to the perforation.|
|Maddie suffered sensorineural AND conductive hearing loss from the head injury in the pool.|
|Maddie will continue to lose hearing bilaterally as she ages.|
|Her hearing loss is genetic and will be passed on to her future children.|
|Maddie will likely lose hearing in her left ear, too, but less severely.|
|Sensorineural hearing loss|
|Conductive hearing loss|
|Cerumen build up|
|Ruptured tympanic membrane|
|Fluid trapped in the middle ear|
A perforated “eardrum” means that there is a tear or hole in Maddie’s tympanic membrane. A ruptured eardrum not only results in hearing loss but also add complication as it make middle ear vulnerable to infections or injury. A middle ear infection often results in the accumulation of fluids. Pressure from these fluids can cause the eardrum to rupture.
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